AskDefine | Define roll

Dictionary Definition

roll

Noun

1 rotary motion of an object around its own axis; "wheels in axial rotation" [syn: axial rotation, axial motion]
2 a list of names; "his name was struck off the rolls" [syn: roster]
3 a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore [syn: roller, rolling wave]
4 photographic film rolled up inside a container to protect it from light
5 a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles [syn: coil, whorl, curl, curlicue, ringlet, gyre, scroll]
6 a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.); "he shot his roll on a bob-tailed nag" [syn: bankroll]
7 small rounded bread either plain or sweet [syn: bun]
8 a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells) [syn: peal, pealing, rolling]
9 the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously [syn: paradiddle, drum roll]
10 a document that can be rolled up (as for storage) [syn: scroll]
11 anything rolled up in cylindrical form
12 the act of throwing dice [syn: cast]
13 walking with a rolling gait
14 a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude
15 the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling)

Verb

1 move by turning over or rotating; "The child rolled down the hill"; "turn over on your left side" [syn: turn over]
2 move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle; "The President's convoy rolled past the crowds" [syn: wheel]
3 occur in soft rounded shapes; "The hills rolled past" [syn: undulate]
4 flatten or spread with a roller; "roll out the paper" [syn: roll out]
5 emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating sound; "The thunder rolled"; "rolling drums"
6 wrap or coil around; "roll your hair around your finger"; "Twine the thread around the spool" [syn: wind, wrap, twine] [ant: unwind]
7 begin operating or running; "The cameras were rolling"; "The presses are already rolling"
8 shape by rolling; "roll a cigarette"
9 execute a roll, in tumbling; "The gymnasts rolled and jumped"
10 sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity [syn: hustle, pluck]
11 move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion; "The curtains undulated"; "the waves rolled towards the beach" [syn: undulate, flap, wave]
12 move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment; "The gypsies roamed the woods"; "roving vagabonds"; "the wandering Jew"; "The cattle roam across the prairie"; "the laborers drift from one town to the next"; "They rolled from town to town" [syn: wander, swan, stray, tramp, roam, cast, ramble, rove, range, drift, vagabond]
13 move, rock, or sway from side to side; "The ship rolled on the heavy seas"
14 cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as if on an axis; "She rolled the ball"; "They rolled their eyes at his words" [syn: revolve]
15 pronounce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/; "She rolls her r's"
16 boil vigorously; "The liquid was seething"; "The water rolled" [syn: seethe]
17 take the shape of a roll or cylinder; "the carpet rolled out"; "Yarn rolls well"
18 show certain properties when being rolled; "The carpet rolls unevenly"; "dried-out tobacco rolls badly" [syn: roll up]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • RP: /rəʊl/, /r@Ul/
  • GenAm: , /roʊl/, /roUl/

Homophones

Verb

  1. To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting surface.
    roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel
  2. To wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over.
    roll a sheet of paper
    roll clay or putty into a ball
  3. To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to inwrap; often with up
    roll up a parcel
  4. To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of rolling.
    a river rolls its waters to the ocean
  5. To utter copiously, especially with sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; -- often with forth, or out.
    roll forth someone's praises
    roll out sentences
  6. To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a roll, roller, or rollers.
    roll a field
    roll paste
    roll steel rails''
  7. To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of, rollers or small wheels.
  8. To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to sound a roll upon.
  9. To apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface) into successive contact with another, in such a manner that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are equal.
  10. To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.
  11. (US slang) A manner of behaving or a way of doing certain things; a general disposition toward a situation.
    I was going to kick his ass, but he wasn't worth getting all worked up over, I don't roll like that.
    2006, Times Herald-Record, Tuesday, November 21, by Chris McKenna. At http://www.recordonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061121/NEWS/611210321.
    "This is how we roll in Spring Valley," one teen reportedly boasted.
  12. To throw dice.
  13. To roll dice such that they form a given pattern or total.
    If you roll doubles, you get an extra turn.
    With two dice, you're more likely to roll seven than ten.
  14. To turn over and over.
    The child rolled on the floor.
  15. To tumble in gymnastics.
  16. when a nautical vessel rotates on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down. Compare with pitch.

Derived terms

Translations

to cause to revolve
to wrap round on itself
to bind or involve by winding
to drive or impel forward with an easy motion
to utter copiously
to press or level with a roller
to move, or cause to be moved, upon rollers or small wheels
to beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum
geometry: to apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping
to turn over in one's mind
US slang: a manner of behaving or a way of doing certain things

Noun

  1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled.
    the roll of a ball
    the roll of waves
  2. That which rolls; a roller
  3. Specifically, a heavy cylinder used to break clods.
  4. Specifically, one of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill; as, to pass rails through the rolls.
  5. That which is rolled up; as, a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc.
  6. Specifically, a document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
  7. Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list.
  8. Specifically, a quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form; as, a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon.
  9. Specifically, A cylindrical twist of tobacco.
  10. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself.
  11. The oscillating movement of a vessel from side to side, in sea way, as distinguished from the alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called pitching.
  12. A heavy, reverberatory sound.
    the roll of cannon
    the roll of thunder
  13. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
  14. Part; office; duty; rôle.
  15. A measure of parchments, containing five dozen.
    Quotations
    • 1882: Parchement is sold by the dozen, and by the roll of five dozens. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 594.
  16. the rotation angle about the longitudinal axis
    the roll of an aircraft
  17. The act of, or total resulting from, rolling one or more dice.
    Make your roll.
    Whoever gets the highest roll moves first.
  18. The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel rotates on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down. Compare with pitch.

Derived terms

Translations

the act of rolling
  • Dutch: rol
  • French: roulement
  • German: das Rollen (intrans.); (a cigarette, etc) das Drehen; (steel bars, etc) das Walzen
  • Hebrew: גלגול (gilgool)
  • Hindi: घुमना
  • Italian: rotolare
  • Spanish: ruedo , rodeo
  • Swedish: rullande , rullning
  • Vietnamese: sự lăn, việc lăn (act of causing to revolve); sự cuốn, việc cuốn, sự cuộn, việc cuộn (act of wrapping round on itself); sự quấn, việc quấn (act of binding or involving by winding); sự đẩy, việc đẩy, sự cuốn, việc cuốn (act of driving or impelling forward with an easy motion)
that which rolls; a roller
a heavy cylinder used to break clods
one of a set of revolving cylinders between which metal is pressed
that which is rolled up
a scroll
an official or public document
quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form
a cylindrical twist of tobacco
shortened raised biscuit or bread
oscillating movement of a vessel from side to side
a heavy, reverberatory sound
the uniform beating of a drum
part; office; duty
a measure of parchments
to be checked

See also

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

roll

Extensive Definition

The word roll has these meanings:
  • Roll (food)
  • A thin flexible solid wound around a centre.
    • Something wrapped around a tube, e.g. toilet roll.
    • Paper strips wrapped around a thin quilling tool, e.g. quilling.
    • A bank roll, a paper holder for coins
    • A wrapped holder for similarly shaped items, such as a candy roll
  • A list of records, especially of people (see also roster, rotulus, Pipe Rolls):
    • Electoral roll, a list of eligible voters
    • Credits roll, vertically moving text in video and film terminology
    • The collective noun for the pupils of a school, e.g. "There are 1240 pupils in the school roll."
    • Roll call

In music

In transport

People

Places

In the United States:

In the atmosphere

  • A roll cloud, usually found in the lee of mountains
  • Horizontal convective rolls, in the boundary layer, the horizontal vortices that usually fill the layer, also known as organized large eddies

Other uses

See also

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Danish, Danish pastry, English muffin, Parker House roll, Yorkshire pudding, account, advance, agenda, align, amble, angular momentum, angular motion, angular velocity, annals, arrive, axial motion, backing, bagel, bale, bank, bankroll, barge, barrage, barrel, bask, bask in, be effortless, be painless, be poised, be reflected, be sent back, beadroll, beat, beat a ruffle, beat a tattoo, beating, bialy, bialystoker, bibliofilm, billow, billowing, bindle, bipack, black-and-white film, blank, blunder, bob, bobble, bole, bolt, boom, booming, bore, bounce back, bouquet, bowl, bowl along, bowling, break, breakers, budget, bun, bundle, bunt, butt, cackle, cadastre, calendar, calender, cannonade, careen, career, carol, cartridge, cask, cast, catalog, catalogue, caw, census, census report, centrifugation, chatter, checklist, checkroll, cheep, chirk, chirograph, chirp, chirr, chirrup, chitter, chop, choppiness, chopping sea, chronicle, chronicles, chuck, circle, circulation, circumgyration, circumrotation, cirrus, clack, clover-leaf roll, cluck, clump, coast, cock-a-doodle-doo, coffee cake, coggle, coil, color film, color negative film, column, comb, comber, come along, come in, come on, commute, coo, corkscrew, correspondence, course, cover ground, crab, crap, craps, crash, crescent roll, croak, croissant, cronk, cross bun, crow, cruise, crumpet, cuckoo, curl, curlicue, cycle, cylinder, cylindroid, dangle, dash, deck, delight in, dip, directory, dirty water, disappear, docket, document, documentation, dope, dossier, drag, dramatis personae, drift, drive, droop, drum, drum music, drumbeat, drumfire, drumming, dry plate, eagre, ebb and flow, echo, echo back, elapse, emulsion, enfold, enshroud, envelop, enwrap, equalize, evaporate, even, even out, evolute, expire, fagot, falter, fardel, fare, fare forth, fasces, fascine, feather, fell, fetch, file, film, fishtail, flatten, flit, float, flounce, flounder, flow, flow in, fluctuate, flush, flutter, fly, foot, footslog, form, forward, frame, full circle, furl, gabble, gad, gaggle, gain ground, gait, gallivant, gallop, gang, gather head, gather way, gem, get ahead, get along, give no trouble, glide, go, go ahead, go along, go around, go easily, go fast, go forward, go like clockwork, go on, go pitapat, gobble, grade, gravity wave, ground swell, grovel, growl, grumble, guggle, gush, gyrate, gyration, gyre, halt, hard roll, head count, heave, heavy sea, heavy swell, helix, hie, hippety-hop, history, hitch, hobble, hobbyhorse, holograph, honk, honor roll, hoo, hoot, hop, hot cross bun, hot-press, impel, index, indulge, indulge in, instrument, inventory, involute, iron, jog, jolt, jump, jury list, jury panel, kaiser roll, kink, labor, lay, lay down, lay flat, lay level, lay low, lay out, legal document, legal instrument, legal paper, letters, level, level off, librate, lift, limp, lineup, list, listing, lock step, loop, lop, lumber, lunge, lurch, luxuriate, luxuriate in, make good time, make head against, make headway, make heavy weather, make progress, make progress against, make strides, make up leeway, mangle, memorial, microfilm, mince, mincing steps, money, monochromatic film, mooch, motion-picture film, move, move along, move forward, move on, muffin, muster, muster roll, natural, negative, nick, nose count, nosegay, nutate, official document, onion roll, orbit, order of business, orthochromatic film, oscillate, pace, pack, package, packet, paddle, palpitate, palpitation, panchromatic film, paper, papers, paradiddle, parcel, parchment, part, pass, pass along, pass on, patter, peak, peal, pedal, peep, peg, pendulate, personal file, photographic paper, piaffe, piaffer, piece, pillar, pinwheel roll, pip, pipe, pipe roll, pitapat, pitch, pitch and plunge, pitch and toss, pitching, pitter-patter, pivoting, plate, plod, plow, plunge, pole, poll, popover, popple, porpoise, portion, posy, pound, pounding, pour in, prance, present no difficulties, press, printing paper, proceed, program, progress, propel, property roll, pull out, pull up, pulsate, pulsation, push, push down, quack, questionnaire, quiver, rack, ramble, range, rase, rat-a-tat, rat-tat, rat-tat-tat, rataplan, rattattoo, raze, rear, rebound, record, recording, reecho, reel, reeling, register, registry, rejoice in, relic, relish, remains, resonate, resound, return, returns, revel, revel in, reverberate, reverberation, revolution, revolve, ride, riffle, ringlet, ripple, rise, rise and fall, roam, roar, rob, rock, rocking, roll call, roll flat, roll in, roll on, roll out, roll up, roller, rollick, rolling, rolls, roster, rota, rotate, rotation, rotational motion, rough water, rouleau, rove, row, rub-a-dub, ruff, ruffle, rumble, run, run smoothly, sail, sashay, saunter, savor, scend, schedule, scold, scone, screw, scrip, script, scroll, scuff, scuffle, scuttle, sea, seethe, send, send back, shake, shamble, sheaf, shoestring, shot, shove, show up, shroud, shuffle, shunt, sideslip, sidle, sing, single-foot, skid, skip, slate, slide, slink, slip, slither, slog, slouch, slowness, sluice, smash, smooth, smooth out, smoothen, soft roll, somersault, somerset, sound, sound a tattoo, sound film, sound track, sound-on-film, soundstripe, spatter, spin, spinning, spiral, splatter, split, splutter, spool, spread out, sputter, squawk, staccato, stagger, stalk, stamp, steamroll, steamroller, stem, step, step forward, stomp, straddle, straggle, stray, stream, stride, strip, stroll, strolling gait, struggle, strut, stumble, stump, stunt, surf, surge, swag, swagger, swathe, sway, sweep, sweep along, swell, swing, swinging, swirl, swirling, swiveling, table, take pleasure in, tat-tat, tattoo, tax roll, tendril, thrash about, throb, throbbing, throw, thrum, thrust, thump, thumping, thunder, tidal bore, tidal wave, tide wave, tittup, toddle, token, tom-tom, toss, toss and tumble, toss and turn, tossing, totter, trace, traipse, travel, tread, treadle, trill, trip, tripack, troll, trolling, trot, trough, trudge, trundle, trundling, trunk, truss, tsunami, tube, tumble, turbination, turn over, turn up, turning, tweet, twirl, twist, twit, twitter, uncoil, uncurl, undulate, undulation, unfold, unfurl, unroll, unwind, vacillate, vanish, vehicle, velocity, vestige, vibrate, volutation, volute, volution, vortex, wad, waddle, wag, waggle, walk, wallop, wallow, wallow in, wamble, warble, water wave, wave, wavelet, waver, waving, wayfare, welter, wend, wheel, wheeling, whir, whirl, whirling, whistle, white horses, whitecaps, whorl, wiggle, wind up, wobble, work well, wrap up, writ, writing, yaw
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